Posted on: 06-03-2020

Provisional Witness Hearing

Written by:

Hein Kernkamp

The hearing of witnesses in the civil proceedings

In procedures, judges cannot guess who is right. The courts in the Netherlands will rely on evidence presented by the parties. If the judge fails to reach a decision on that basis, he can order a witness hearing. The final decision is then based on the statements made by the witnesses under oath. A problem is that these witness statements are only taken at a late stage in the proceedings. The passage of time can contribute to witnesses not remembering everything exactly. And the statements can sometimes have surprising content.

In order to prevent the loss of evidence and to enable parties to make a more thorough assessment of whether or not to initiate proceedings, the Netherlands procedural law offers the possibility of conducting a provisional witness hearing. This way, the judge can hear the various witnesses soon after the events and no evidence is lost.

The preliminary witness hearing

Article 186 (1) of the Code of Civil Procedure provides that in cases where evidence is admitted by witnesses , a provisional witness hearing may be ordered without delay at the request of the person concerned before a case is pending. Paragraph 2 stipulates that even during proceedings already pending, the court may order a provisional witness hearing at the request of a party. Little use is made of this last option.

Content of the petition

According to the law, the petition must contain the following information in addition to the usual information:

  • the nature and amount of the claim;
  • the facts or rights that the petitioner wants to prove;
  • the names and places of residence of the persons who are to be heard as witnesses;
  • the name and place of residence of the other party or the reasons why the other party is unknown

Request allocation criteria

The law does not impose a high threshold for granting the request. In principle, the request is granted. This is only different if the facts or rights stated in the request that the applicant wishes to prove are irrelevant and cannot lead to an award of the described claim.

provisional witness hearing

Abuse of procedural law

The broadly formulated allocation grounds ensure that the provisional witness hearing is suitable for abuse. In case the petitioner uses the hearing of witnesses for a fishing expedition or simply to harass the other party and the witnesses, it is possible to get the request is rejected. This can also be the case where there is conflict with the proper procedural order or where there is another compelling interest not to hear witnesses.

Disadvantage of a provisional witness hearing

The provisional witness hearing also has disadvantages. One of these is that the evidence assignment is normally formulated by the court on the basis of the propositions and substantiation thereof in the procedural documents. The judge therefore knows where the evidence problem is and he can ask witnesses very specific questions that are relevant to the evidence assessment. With a preliminary witness hearing, it is often guessing what exactly should be proven, especially if the petition is broadly formulated. The preliminary witness examination can thus be quite ineffective and it cannot be excluded that all witnesses will have to be heard again later once the proceedings have been initiated.

Time lapse

Another disadvantage is that quite some time elapses from the moment the request for the witness examination is submitted and the moment the witnesses are actually heard, certainly if the other party does not cooperate. First the request is processed, then the decision is made. Subsequently a suitable date for the hearing needs to be scheduled, and witnesses may have to be heard on several dates. Only after completion of hearing of witnesses the procedure itself begin. The provisional witness hearing is therefore most effective if the questions to be asked are really clear in advance and often the other party will also have an interest in quickly establishing the facts. In such case the provisional witness hearing is a great way to prevent even the conduct of proceedings. After all, two well-informed parties can make a settlement much easier.

Contact us without obligation

Are you unsure whether you have a case or not? Could hearing witnesses offer a solution? Then contact us and ask us your question without obligation. We can advise you quickly whether or not a preliminary witness hearing is an option. We like to work with you solving your problems. Not for nothing is our motto: "Your problem, our concern."

More information?

Hein Kernkamp will gladly help you further.

Business details

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Address details

Minerva Advocaten B.V.

Meent 106

3011 JR Rotterdam

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